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CERT IS-317 Introduction to CERT
Final Exam

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1)     CERTs play a critical role in their communities by preparing for hazards and learning response skills to help themselves and others. Following a major disaster, CERTs may activate according to their standard operating procedures to:

a. Suppress major fires that may cause infrastructure damage
b. Assume lead responsibility in a hazardous materials incident
c. Respond to incidents in their neighborhoods or workplace
d. Coordinate the response to a mass-casualty incident

2)     Two ways that CERT members prepare themselves and their families for disasters and emergencies are by identifying and reducing potential hazards in the home and workplace and by developing a family disaster plan. Which of the following is another way that CERT members prepare for disasters?

a. Notifying authorities about known hazards
b. Assembling disaster supply kits
c. Restricting access to hazardous areas
d. Ensuring evacuation routes are clear

3)     Kelly is the first member of her CERT to arrive at its predetermined staging area after a damaging wind storm struck her community. What role does Kelly now assume within her CERT?

a. Designated Chief
b. Sizeup Coordinator
c. Incident Commander
d. Lead Responder

4)     The CERT Leader manages CERT operations until:

a. The Operations Section Chief reports for duty
b. The first professional responder arrives
c. The Emergency Operations Plan is activated
d. The Incident Command Post is established

5)     All CERT decisions are made with what key question in mind?

a. How quickly can the CERT assist the victims?
b. When will professional responders arrive at the scene?
c. Who is the Incident Commander in this situation?
d. Is it safe for CERT members to attempt this task?

6)     A thorough sizeup can make CERT responses safer and more efficient by:

a. Determining the estimated response time before taking action
b. Providing critical information to the public
c. Prioritizing actions based on team safety and capability
d. Eliminating the need for professional responders

7)     Sizeup is a cumulative process, and each step builds on previous steps. The first step is to:

a. Gather facts
b. Establish priorities
c. Take action
d. Evaluate progress

8)     Fires are classified according to:

a. The severity of the fire
b. The type of fuel feeding the fire
c. The location of the fire
d. The type of structure involved

9)     Which of the following will extinguish a Class A, B, or C fire?

a. Dry chemical extinguisher
b. Carbon dioxide extinguisher
c. Specialized extinguisher
d. Water extinguisher

10)     Which of the following is an effective strategy for eliminating or reducing potential fire hazards in the home and workplace?

a. Store flammable liquids away from heat sources.
b. Inspect wood stoves and chimney flues every five to seven years.
c. Install a fireplace screen that allows a fire to be left unattended.
d. Place extension cords beneath rugs so they do not become tripping hazards.

11)     Which of the following describes the LIES procedures for storing flammable liquids?

a. Limit, Identify, Eliminate, Secure
b. Locate, Identify, Eradicate, Separate
c. Lessen Individual Exposure and Sequester
d. Limit, Isolate, Eliminate, Separate

12)     CERT members should always wear complete safety equipment, including:

a. Breathing apparatus for smoke-filled rooms or areas
b. Specialized equipment for hazardous materials
c. Helmet, sturdy shoes or boots, goggles, work gloves, and a dust mask
d. Backpack containing a portable fire extinguisher

13)     A CERT is searching for victims in a building after an electrical storm. The door to one of the rooms that the team needs to search is closed. Some of the CERT members think they smell smoke. Before entering the closed room, what should the CERT members do?

a. Touch the door handle to feel if it's hot
b. Have a fire extinguisher ready before opening the door
c. Feel the closed door with the back of the hand, from the bottom up
d. Cover their mouths and noses to keep from inhaling smoke

14)     When attempting to suppress a fire, CERT members should:

a. Work with a buddy and a backup team
b. Open all doors as they leave the area
c. Plan one escape route from the fire area
d. Feel heat before using an extinguisher

15)     CERTs should attempt to suppress only fires that are smaller than the size of a:

a. Wood shed
b. Pickup truck
c. Couch or sofa
d. Wastepaper can

16)     CERT members respond to an incident in which a truck that's carrying a known hazardous material has overturned on a highway. What should the team do?

a. Consider the hazardous material a STOP sign
b. Move downwind of the initial incident site
c. Conduct decontamination of other victims
d. Stay at the incident site to conduct a sizeup

17)     CERT members responding to an incident suspect that they have been contaminated by exposure to a chemical agent. They follow the basic self-decontamination procedures to reduce their risk of injury and limit their exposure to the chemical. What should they do next?

a. Conduct the same decontamination procedures on the other victims at the scene
b. Stay in the contaminated area to provide medical treatment to the victims
c. Relocate downwind of the contaminated site and set up a medical treatment area
d. Stay out of contaminated area and wait for professional responders to conduct formal decontamination

18)     The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704 Diamond placard:

a. Specifies the types of hazardous materials in a vehicle or rail car
b. Indicates that hazardous materials are stored in the building
c. Stipulates the proper storage procedures for hazardous materials
d. Lists the amount or quantity of hazardous materials in a container

19)     A CERT member finds herself near a possible terrorist incident and sees what she suspects is an explosive device. What should she do?

a. Leave the area and report information to 911 using a land line
b. Investigate thoroughly to determine the likely type of weapon
c. Stay at the incident site to prevent unauthorized access
d. Use a cellular phone to report a suspected explosive device as quickly as possible

20)     Which of the following is NOT part of the CERT member's goal when working to do the greatest good for the greatest number of victims?

a. Treat the most serious injuries first
b. Size up the situation
c. Retreat immediately and wait for professionals
d. Triage victims

21)     The three life-threatening conditions that always get first priority are obstructed airway, excessive bleeding, and:

a. Shock
b. Headache
c. Dizziness
d. Nausea

22)     Sandy, a CERT member who is assisting with disaster medical operations, finds a victim who appears to be in shock. Which of the following is NOT a sign that the victim may be in shock?

a. Failure to respond
b. Slow capillary refill
c. Convulsions
d. Rapid breathing

23)     Most bleeding can be controlled by:

a. Immersing the wound in water
b. Direct pressure and elevation
c. Covering the wound with ice
d. Packing the wound with salve

24)     Triage is the process of sorting victims according to the severity of their injuries. The triage process is especially effective in situations where:

a. There are more victims than rescuers
b. There are limited resources
c. Time is critical
d. All of the above

25)     Craig, a CERT member, is conducting triage of a victim. He has checked her airway/breathing and bleeding/circulation. What should he do next?

a. Check the victim's mental status
b. Escort the victim into the decontamination area
c. Report his findings to the chief medical professional at the medical treatment area
d. Give the victim a tag to identify her triage category

26)     To indicate the results of triage, every victim receives a:

a. Hand stamp marking the victim as "#1" for first priority level, "#2" for second priority level, or "#3" for third priority level
b. Color-coded arm band that indicates whether the victim should be released (green), observed (yellow), or sent for immediate treatment (red)
c. Tag that indicates whether the victim requires immediate treatment, can receive delayed treatment, has only minor injuries, or is deceased
d. Wrist band marked "L" for life-threatening injuries, "S" for severe injuries, and "M" for minor injuries

27)     Connie and Deb are CERT buddies who are assisting with disaster medical operations. All victims in the area have been triaged and treated for any life-threatening injuries. What should Connie and Deb do next?

a. Treat the next priority victims
b. Begin head-to-toe victim assessments
c. Disinfect the medical treatment area
d. Collect contact information to notify relatives of victims who have died

28)     A clearly marked __________________ helps responders efficiently treat victims.

a. CERT command post
b. Map
c. Medical treatment area
d. Fence

29)     Survivors go through four emotional phases when a disaster occurs. In order, they are:

a. Inventory phase, rescue phase, imprint phase, resource phase
b. Injury phase, imprint phase, recall phase, recovery phase
c. Recall phase, injury phase, impact phase, rescue phase
d. Impact phase, inventory phase, rescue phase, recovery phase

30)     Bill and Madison are CERT members who are helping with disaster medical operations. They're using personal protective equipment, including exam gloves. However, there aren't enough gloves available for Bill and Madison to be able to change their gloves after treating each victim. What should Bill and Madison do?

a. Change their gloves only if they come in contact with body fluids
b. Disinfect their gloves after treating each victim
c. Dispose of their gloves when they become soiled, and then wash their hands with antibacterial soap for at least 15 seconds after treating each victim
d. Dispose of their gloves when they become soiled, and then pour hydrogen peroxide over their hands after treating each victim

31)     To protect themselves against fluid-borne diseases, CERT members should:

a. Wear a mask, exam gloves, and goggles
b. Isolate each victim in a separate treatment area
c. Disinfect every wound with hydrogen peroxide
d. Wash their hands for a minimum of 5 seconds

32)     Assessment of victim injuries should be conducted in a systematic order from:

a. The back to the front
b. The left side to the right
c. The head to the toes
d. External to internal injuries

33)     A CERT member's main objective when treating victims with suspected head, neck, or spinal injuries is to:

a. Move the victim as quickly as possible
b. Keep the spine in a straight line
c. Allow free movement of the neck and spine
d. Minimize swelling with the use of ice packs

34)     All victims who have third-degree burns should also be treated for which one of the following conditions?

a. Shock
b. Obstructed airway
c. Vicarious trauma
d. Hypothermia

35)     CERT member Gina is treating a burn victim. Particles of the victim's clothing have adhered to the burn. What should Gina do?

a. Gently pull the adhered particles of clothing away from the burn
b. Irrigate the burn with potable water to loosen the adhered particles of clothing
c. Leave the adhered particles of clothing in place
d. Apply an antiseptic ointment on top of the adhered particles of clothing

36)     During a disaster, survivors and helpers may experience disaster-related stress. Measures that CERT members can take to protect themselves from vicarious trauma include recognizing signs of trauma in themselves and taking breaks. Which of the following is another measure that CERT members can take to prevent vicarious trauma?

a. Don't over-identify with the victims of the incident
b. Don't remain at the scene for longer than 30 minutes
c. Don't respond to disasters that you have personally endured
d. Don't speak with victims about their feelings of loss

37)     CERT search and rescue teams must never:

a. Perform a size up of the situation
b. Enter heavily damaged structures
c. Work during periods of rainy weather
d. Use a buddy system

38)     How does assessment of structural damage during sizeup affect search and rescue operations?

a. CERT members need to use additional protective equipment before entering a heavily damaged structure
b. CERTs are not allowed to enter either moderately or heavily damaged structures
c. Depending on the type of damage, emergency medical personnel may have to accompany a CERT when the team goes inside the structure
d. The CERT mission changes, depending on whether the damage is light, moderate, or heavy

39)     Which of the following describes what CERT members should do periodically as they search for victims inside a damaged building?

a. Stop all movement and listen for sounds of trapped victims
b. Switch positions with their buddies
c. Verify that they still have visual contact with the Team Leader
d. Synchronize their watches

40)     When leveraging a heavy object to remove a victim, remember to:

a. Lift the object very rapidly and drop it to one side
b. Place your hands under the object to raise it
c. Leave the cribbing in place after removing the victim
d. Stabilize the object with cribbing as you go